If you teach young children, you have most likely heard about phonemic awareness. You may have even heard of phonological awareness. Many people get these two things confused or use them in the same way. I thought that I would explain the difference between them so you can have a better understanding of the two.
Phonological awareness is very broad. It includes being able to recognize and manipulate the parts of oral language. Try to think of phonological awareness as a cookie, and the rhyming, syllables, phonemic awareness, etc as the chocolate chips in the cookie. You need all of them to make a good cookie (a.k.a reader). The chart below shows the main skills that are included in this phonological awareness cookie.
People often confuse phonological awareness and phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness is a component (or chocolate chip) of phonological awareness. It is the ability to blend, segment, and change sounds within a word. Phonemic awareness is an important ingredient of phonological awareness.
Why Is Phonological Awareness Important?
According to Griffith and Olson (1992), phonemic awareness has been shown to be a powerful predictor of reading achievement. It is often a better indicator than IQ tests or other language measures. Phonological awareness activities help build the foundation needed for phonics instruction.
Phonological Routine Cards and Assessments
In our classroom, we spend a couple of minutes each day working on various phonological awareness activities. First, I assess my students to see if there are any deficits with any of the phonological awareness skills. These assessments are quick and easy, but a great way to see if any students are missing components.
Each day we spend a couple of minutes a day running through a few phonological awareness activities. I store these routine cards on a binder ring, so it is easy for me to flip through and pick two or three a day.
If I have any students who have a deficit with a specific skill, I work with them individually when I can.
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